Irrespective of the continued efforts to curb HIV/AIDS, authorities in Kalangala district and Mbarara city are still at a high effort need to have the virus decreased as the two districts have registered an increase in the HIV/AIDS prevalence.
The report by the Uganda Aids Commission carried out between 2010 and 2020 with support from UNAIDS shows that the two districts have recorded a higher percentage than the National prevalence that stands at 6.2 Percent.
According to Michael Matsiko, the zonal coordinator at the Uganda Aids Commission, the research showed that Kalangala district came first with an 18.2 percent prevalence while Mbarara city was second with a 7.9 percent HIV and AIDS prevalence rate.
Matsiko says that females have a higher HIV/Aids prevalence with 6.8 percent as compared to males with 3.9 percent.
He attributes the high prevalence in women to several factors including unemployment and lack of determination and choice for protection during sex.
Areas of Kijungu, Ruti, Nyeihanga, Rubindi have been identified as places of more concentration of the virus than other areas around Mbarara.
Rev. Fr. Deusidedit Twesigyeomwe, the Pastoral coordinator of Mbarara Archdiocese attributes the spread to Mbarara’s turn into a cosmopolitan area hence the attraction of people from various areas to who might be infected.
Charles Sserwanja, the coordinator of HIV/Aids works at the Inter-Religious Council of Uganda says the adolescents and married women are taking the center stage in the spread of the virus while men continue dying because they refuse to adhere to treatment.
Sserwanga says the spike might have occurred even before the Uganda-Rwanda border was closed, noting that Ugandans used to import women from Rwanda to come and have social moments then cross back.
However, despite the increase in Mbarara and Kalangala, the same research report shows that Uganda has generally registered a tremendous improvement in the fight against the HIV/Aids epidemic leading to a reduction in the number of new HIV infections.
In 2020, Uganda had a record low of 38,000 infections compared to the 94,000 in 2010.